Bladder cancer is a common type of cancer that begins in the cells of the urinary bladder. The bladder is a hollow muscular organ in your lower abdomen that stores urine.
Bladder cancer most often begins in the cells (urothelial cells) that line the inside of your bladder. Urothelial cells are also found in your kidneys and the tubes (ureters) that connect the kidneys to the bladder. Urothelial cancer can happen in the kidneys and ureters, too, but it's much more common in the bladder.
Most bladder cancers are diagnosed at an early stage when the cancer is highly treatable. But even early-stage bladder cancers can come back after successful treatment. For this reason, people with bladder cancer typically need follow-up tests for years after treatment to look for bladder cancer that recurs.
When to see doctor ?
Bladder cancer signs and symptoms may include:
● Blood in the urine (hematuria) may cause urine to appear bright red or cola-colored or sometimes the urine appears normal in color but blood is detected on a lab test. This is not associated with pain in the initial period.
● Other symptoms like lower abdominal pain or back pain may develop depending on the spread of the disease.